Java is a high-level object-oriented programming language for general-purpose, which was initially developed in 1991 by sun microsystem under the guidance of “James gosling”.
Java originally called oak by “James gosling”, it was mainly designed for the development of software of the customer electronic devices like -TV, VCD, VCR, etc.
Java was discovered, after the up-gradation of C and C++, which was an existing language. Because C and C++ had a limitation in the term of portability and reliability.
Java removed some existing features of C and C++ because they were considered as a source problem. And thus, Java is really made simple, reliable, portable, powerful, and fast language.
History of JAVA:
Java was developed in 1991 by the sun microsystem group with members of James Gosling, Chris Warth, Ed Frank, and Mike Sheridan.
This language was initially called oak but after on it was renamed as JAVA.
Initially, it was not developed with the original aim with network /internet, but the need for PLATFORM INDEPENDENT language that could be used to create software to be embedded in various consumer electric devices.
There is some trouble with C and C++ is that they are designed to be compiled for a specific target.
It is possible to compile a C and C++ program for just in any type of CPU, to do so requires a full C++ compiler targeted for that CPU.
This would be expensive and time-consuming. So, we need a solution.
The solution to the above problem, a new portable platform-independent language was required. That would run on a variety of CPUs under different environment, so the solution is “JAVA”.
When JAVA was invented at the same time worldwide web was emerging and JAVA was at the forefront of computer language to design because we had required the PORTABLE language for WWW.